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Basic Music Theory 101: 12/8 time means that there are 12 beats per measure, and the eighth note gets one beat. Just like 3/4 time would mean 3 beats to the measure, with the 1/4 note getting one beat….
We call 2/4 time “simple duple” meaning there are two beats per bar and each beat divides in two (the “simple” part). By contrast, 6/8 time also has two quarter note beats per bar so it’s “duple” too, but each one divides into three, making it a “compound duple” time signature.
The six quavers can either be grouped into two beats (compound duple) or three beats (simple triple). Since the simple triple pattern already belongs to 3/4 time, 6/8 is compound duple.
A Whole Note equals 4 beats; a Whole Rest equals 4 beats of silence; A Half Note equals 2 beats; a Half Rest equals 2 beats of silence; A Quarter Note equals 1 beat; a Quarter Rest equals 1 beat of silence; An Eighth Note equals 1/2 a beat; an Eighth Rest equals 1/2 a beat of silence….
An eighth rest gets one half of a beat of rest. Unlike eighth notes, you will never see eighth rests connected. The reason is slightly obvious, two eighth rests are equal to a quarter rest, so you would just write a quarter rest….
A half rest would be 2 beats of silence and so on….
A whole-note (semibreve) rest hangs D-O-W-N from the line (four letters, so four beats). A half-note rest points U-P from the line (two letters, so two beats).
A fermata (Italian: [ferˈmaːta]; “from fermare, to stay, or stop”; also known as a hold, pause, colloquially a birdseye or cyclops eye, or as a grand pause when placed on a note or a rest) is a symbol of musical notation indicating that the note should be prolonged beyond the normal duration its note value would …
2 half rests