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Copper is a metal made up of copper atoms closely packed together. The electrons can move freely through the metal. For this reason, they are known as free electrons. They are also known as conduction electrons, because they help copper to be a good conductor of heat and electricity.
Copper is a good conductor of heat. This means that if you heat one end of a piece of copper, the other end will quickly reach the same temperature. Most metals are pretty good conductors; however, apart from silver, copper is the best. However, its thermal conductivity is 30 times worse than copper’s.
Most copper is used in electrical equipment such as wiring and motors. This is because it conducts both heat and electricity very well, and can be drawn into wires. It also has uses in construction (for example roofing and plumbing), and industrial machinery (such as heat exchangers).
Key Properties of Copper Alloys
Properties: Copper has a melting point of 1083.4 +/- 0.2°C, boiling point of 2567°C, specific gravity of 8.96 (20°C), with a valence of 1 or 2. Copper is reddish colored and takes a bright metallic luster. It is malleable, ductile, and a good conductor of electricity and heat.
10 Uses of Copper
How Do We Use Copper Today? Presently, copper is used in building construction, power generation and transmission, electronic product manufacturing, and the production of industrial machinery and transportation vehicles.
Copper is an alloy with numerous useful properties. It effectively resists corrosion and is a very efficient conductor of electricity and heat. Therefore, it is economically important to the electrical power industry, as well as electronic product manufacturing and the production of industrial machinery.
Copper mining is controversial because it adds a great deal to the economy, while also striping the land of its resources, and leaving a wake of poor poverty and ill health. Because of the danger, high wages, and frequent layoffs many mining towns see very high unemployment rates.
Copper is essential for modern living. It delivers electricity and clean water into our homes and cities and makes an important contribution to sustainable development. More than that, it is essential for life itself. Copper is interwoven with the story of humanity’s progress.