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Paul Collier at the World Bank, detected a strong correlation between the outbreak of armed conflict and a country’s dependence on one or two readily exploitable natural resources, such as diamonds, gold or oil.
African dictators, no longer useful to their former patrons, were cut adrift, and African nations were left with a legacy of looted resources, massive debt, dysfunctional states, and multiple regional wars over the spoils. Years of war and repression had destroyed organized political opposition in many countries.
These conflicts are often hinged on several factors including poverty, human rights violations, bad governance and corruption, ethnic marginalization and small arms proliferation.
The end to Africa’s longest war is in sight after Ethiopia said it would abide by an international ruling on its border with Eritrea. More than 80,000 people have died during the conflict that started twenty years ago over the small town of Badme, which has a population of around 1,600.
Community Organizations Have Important Role in Lowering Crime Rates. Research shows that in a city of 100,000, each new nonprofit community organization lead to a 1.2 percent drop in the homicide rate, a 1 percent reduction in the violent crime rate, and a 0.7 percent reduction in the property crime rate.
While the short-term effects of crime can be severe, most people don’t suffer any long-term harm. Occasionally, people do develop long-term problems, such as depression or anxiety-related illnesses, and a few people have a severe, long-lasting reaction after a crime, known as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
While at least half of prisoners have some mental health concerns, about 10 percent to 25 percent of U.S. prisoners suffer from serious mental illnesses, such as major affective disorders or schizophrenia, the report finds.