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What fundamental principle was expressed by the War Crimes Tribunal at Nuremberg following WWII?

The fundamental principle expressed by the war crimes tribunal at nuremberg following World War II is that national leaders are responsible for their wartime actions.

What was the main purpose of the Nuremberg trials?

On October 18, 1945, twenty-two of Nazi Germany’s political, military, and economic leaders were brought to trial in Nuremberg for crimes against peace, war crimes, and crimes against humanity.

What can we learn from the Nuremberg trials?

The Nuremberg trials established that all of humanity would be guarded by an international legal shield and that even a Head of State would be held criminally responsible and punished for aggression and Crimes Against Humanity.

What is the Nuremberg Code and why was it established?

The Nuremberg Code aimed to protect human subjects from enduring the kind of cruelty and exploitation the prisoners endured at concentration camps. The 10 elements of the code are: Voluntary consent is essential. The results of any experiment must be for the greater good of society.

Who was found not guilty at the Nuremberg trials?

Three of the defendants were acquitted: Hjalmar Schacht, Franz von Papen, and Hans Fritzsche. Four were sentenced to terms of imprisonment ranging from 10 to 20 years: Karl Dönitz, Baldur von Schirach, Albert Speer, and Konstantin von Neurath.

What was the punishment for those found guilty during the Nuremberg trials?

In the end, the international tribunal found all but three of the defendants guilty. Twelve were sentenced to death, one in absentia, and the rest were given prison sentences ranging from 10 years to life behind bars. Ten of the condemned were executed by hanging on October 16, 1946.

Is the Nuremberg Code law in the UK?

As a general principle, health ethics is not devolved to Scotland and therefore the Nuremberg Principles are not part of Scots Law. However, research conducted in NHS Scotland is regulated and governed through a UK wide system which observes those principles.

Who was the greatest German?

Greatest Germans

  • Alice Schwarzer for die Geschwister Scholl, Sophie and Hans Scholl.
  • Friedrich Nowottny for Willy Brandt.
  • Götz Alsmann for Johann Sebastian Bach.
  • Peter Sodann for Johann Wolfgang von Goethe.
  • Wolf von Lojewski for Johannes Gutenberg.
  • Helmut Markwort for Otto von Bismarck.
  • Nina Ruge for Albert Einstein.

Who were the leaders of Germany?

Leaders of Germany

Kaisers of the German Empire
Paul von Hindenburg* 1934
Adolf Hitler** 1933–45
Chancellors of the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany)
Konrad Adenauer 1949–63

Who was the best Panzer General?

Hermann Balck
Years of service 1913–45
Rank General der Panzertruppe
Battles/wars World War I World War II Battle of France Battle of Greece Battle of Stalingrad Italian Campaign Lvov-Sandomierz Offensive Western Front Battle of Hungary
Awards Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves, Swords and Diamonds

Who was Hitler’s chief staff?

Franz Halder Halder

Does the German military still use the iron cross?

More than six decades after its end, though, Germany has reintroduced military honors: A politically correct, newly minted version of the Iron Cross – awarded to German soldiers since 1813, but withdrawn after the Second World War – was pinned on the chests of four senior non-commissioned officers yesterday.