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What is Fertilisation in plant 10th?

In plants, fertilization is a process of sexual reproduction, which occurs after pollination and germination. Fertilization can be defined as the fusion of the male gametes (pollen) with the female gametes (ovum) to form a diploid zygote.

How does Fertilisation occur in plants?

Fertilization occurs when pollen grains (male gametophytes) are carried by the wind to the open end of an ovule, which contains the eggs, or female gametophyte. There, the pollen grain develops an outgrowth called a pollen tube, which eventually penetrates to the egg cell within one of the archegonia.

Where in a plant does fertilization occur?

Fertilisation takes place inside the ovary when the nucleus of pollen grain fuses with the nucleus of an ovule to produce a zygote. Shown below are the steps involved in pollination and fertilisation of a flowering plant.

Which part of the flower continue to develop after fertilization?

ovary wall

What happens to the ovary wall after fertilization?

After fertilization occurs, each ovule develops into a seed. Each seed contains a tiny, undeveloped plant called an embryo. The ovary surrounding the ovules develops into a fruit that contains one or more seeds.

What develops into a fruit after fertilization?

Fertilization occurs by male gametes passing into the ovary via a pollen tube. After fertilization, the ovule develops into the seed, while the ovary wall develops into the fruit.

What is the fate of stamens after fertilization?

The male reproductive part is the stamen which consists of anthers and filaments and the female reproductive part is the ovary and ovules. After fertilization, the ovary transformed into fruit, and the ovule transformed into a seed. The stamens, style, petals, and stigma of the flower fall off.

What is the fate of stigma after fertilization?

After fertilization, the zygote divides several times to form an embryo within the ovule. The ovuledevelops into a tough coat and is gradually converted into a seed. The ovary grows rapidly and ripens to form a fruit. Meanwhile, the petals, sepals, stamens, style and stigma may shrivel and fall off.

What happens to stigma after fertilization?

A pollen grain on the stigma grows a tiny tube, all the way down the style to the ovary. This pollen tube carries a male gamete to meet a female gamete in an ovule. The fertilised ovule goes on to form a seed, which contains a food store and an embryo that will later grow into a new plant.

What is produced in the ovary of a flower?

Ovary, in botany, enlarged basal portion of the pistil, the female organ of a flower. The ovary contains ovules, which develop into seeds upon fertilization. The ovary itself will mature into a fruit, either dry or fleshy, enclosing the seeds. The fertilized ovule develops into a seed.

What flower has both male and female parts?

Flowers that have both male and female parts are called perfect (roses, lilies, dandelion).

Is an apple an ovary?

The apple is a pome (fleshy) fruit, in which the ripened ovary and surrounding tissue both become fleshy and edible. The apple flower of most varieties requires cross-pollination for fertilization.

In which part of flower ovary is found?

pistil

What is Epigynous ovary?

Referring to a flower in which all or some of the floral parts (i.e., the sepals, petals, and stamens) arise from the summit of the ovary; e.g., species of Asteraceae and Rubiaceae.

What are the parts of ovary?

Histologically, the ovary has 2 main sections: the outer cortex and inner medulla. A germinal layer coats the entire ovary, made of cuboidal epithelial cells. The cortex is where the follicles and oocytes are found at various stages of development and degeneration.