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A load-bearing wall or bearing wall is a wall that is an active structural element of a building, which holds the weight of the elements above it, by conducting its weight to a foundation structure below it. In housing, load-bearing walls are most common in the light construction method known as “platform framing”.
Load Bearing Elements (LBE), also known as Barrettes, is a term that refers to the use of single or a multiple arrangement of rectangular elements to support significant structural loads for structures.
Post-and-lintel system, in building construction, a system in which two upright members, the posts, hold up a third member, the lintel, laid horizontally across their top surfaces. Stonehenge, an example of early post-and-lintel construction.
A post-and-lintel system uses vertical posts which are separated to support a horizontal beam. The main problem that can occur with a post-and-lintel system is cause by the weight is unevenly distributed and the center is unsupported, which can cause sagging over time.
In all or most of these traditions, certainly in Greece and India, the earliest versions developed using wood, which were later translated into stone for larger and grander buildings. Timber framing, also using trusses, remains common for smaller buildings such as houses to the modern day.
In architecture or structural engineering, a girt, also known as a sheeting rail, is a horizontal structural member in a framed wall. Girts provide lateral support to the wall panel, primarily, to resist wind loads. A comparable element in roof construction is a purlin.
A finial or hip-knob is an element marking the top or end of some object, often formed to be a decorative feature.
Stages in Road Construction
Here is a general overview of the different stages of construction and what can be expected at each stage.
The ‘construction process’ (sometimes called the ‘construction stage’) is the physical processes of building, landscaping or refurbishing plus all the associated activities, such as demolition, site clearance, administration and so on. The following processes can form part of the construction process: Mobilisation.
The four major types of construction include residential building, institutional and commercial building, specialized industrial construction, infrastructure and heavy construction.
The Process of Building Construction
Broadly, there are three sectors of construction: buildings, infrastructure and industrial: Building construction is usually further divided into residential and non-residential.
THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY IS divided into two sectors: Non-residential, which has three sub-sectors (heavy industrial, institutional and commercial, engineering), and Residential.
Approximate cost on various work of material to complete the construction for 1000 ft 2
Check out our lists of major types of contractors and subcontractors to figure out which one you need to hire for your next home renovation project!
Depending upon the job they perform, construction companies are classified into following types,
Three Common Construction Contracts
General Contractors (including construction managers) earn an average of $43.93 per hour, or $91,370 per year.
Contract work provides greater independence, it can give you more predictable control of your work, and for many people, greater job security than traditional full-time employment. However, you are responsible for your own taxes, contracts, benefits and vacations.
General contractors get paid by taking a percentage of the overall cost of the completed project. Some will charge a flat fee, but in most cases, a general contractor will charge between 10 and 20 percent of the total cost of the job. This includes the cost of all materials, permits and subcontractors.
Seven Things to Never Say to a Contractor
According to the construction-cost website, Get-A-Quote.net, small contractors generally book a markup of about 20 percent. Typical administrative expense, which allocates for office space, utilities, supplies and support staff, comes in at 8 percent percent, while net profit begins at 8 percent.