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Fauvism is the name applied to the work produced by a group of artists (which included Henri Matisse and André Derain) from around 1905 to 1910, which is characterised by strong colours and fierce brushwork.
Fauvism, the first 20th-century movement in modern art, was initially inspired by the examples of Vincent van Gogh, Paul Gauguin, Georges Seurat, and Paul Cézanne. The Fauves (“wild beasts”) were a loosely allied group of French painters with shared interests.
CHARACTERISTICS OF FAUVISM:
Fauvist palette The main color is blue (highest saturation) which is used for the road, cars and buildings. Matisse uses even a four main colors palette (Tetrad). Four colors are highly saturated in this case (4 main colors): blue for the hair and eyebrows, shadows; magenta; orange; yellow on the left side of the face.
In an attempt to put things succinctly, think of fauvism as impressionism that is taken to the absolute extreme with bolder colors and thicker brushstrokes and expressionism as the artist expressing their inner feelings with bolder colors and thicker brushstrokes.
The critics and the public agreed the Impressionists couldn’t draw and their colors were considered vulgar. Their compositions were strange. Their short, slapdash brushstrokes made their paintings practically illegible. Why didn’t these artists take the time to finish their canvases, viewers wondered?
In contrast to the dark, vaguely disturbing nature of much fin-de-siècle, or turn-of-the-century, Symbolist art, the Fauves produced bright cheery landscapes and figure paintings, characterized by pure vivid color and bold distinctive brushwork.
It has been the dominant medium in easel painting since the renaissance. These paints do not fade, darken, or yellow as they age. They can support luminous colors and sometimes look very close to oil paintings in their final effect.
Summary of Romanticism The artists emphasized that sense and emotions – not simply reason and order – were equally important means of understanding and experiencing the world. Romanticism celebrated the individual imagination and intuition in the enduring search for individual rights and liberty
Romanticism was characterized by its emphasis on emotion and individualism as well as glorification of all the past and nature, preferring the medieval rather than the classical.
Romanticism influenced political ideology, inviting engagement with the cause of the poor and oppressed and with ideals of social emancipation and progress. The individual was prized, but it was also felt that people were under an obligation to their fellow-men: personal commitment to the group was therefore important