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Commencing in 1917 with the fall of the House of Romanov and concluding in 1923 with the Bolshevik establishment of the Soviet Union (at the end of the Russian Civil War), the Russian Revolution was a series of two revolutions: the first of which overthrew the imperial government and the second placed the Bolsheviks in …
Soviet Russia covers 1917–1922 and Soviet Union covers the years 1922 to 1991. After the Russian Civil War (1917–1923), the Bolsheviks took control. They were dedicated to a version of Marxism developed by Vladimir Lenin.
He served as the General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 1922 until his death in 1953. In the years following the death of Vladimir Lenin, he became the dictator of the Soviet Union, by manipulating and terrorizing others in order to destroy his opponents.
How did Stalin gain and maintain power in the USSR? he used his position as general secretary to gain control of the Communist party, he established programs that changed agriculture and industry and strengthened his control over the party by eliminating all opposition (labor camps, death lists, etc.)
At the start of the 1930s, Stalin launched a wave of radical economic policies that completely overhauled the industrial and agricultural face of the Soviet Union. This came to be known as the Great Turn as Russia turned away from the near-capitalist New Economic Policy (NEP) and instead adopted a command economy.
From the Stalin-era to the early Brezhnev-era, the Soviet economy grew much slower than Japan and slightly faster than the United States. GDP levels in 1950 (in billion 1990 dollars) were 510 (100%) in the Soviet Union, 161 (100%) in Japan and 1,456 (100%) in the United States….Economy of the Soviet Union.
|Unemployment||1–2% (1990 est.)|
The Soviet Union’s achievements were tremendous during the first five-year plan, which yielded a fifty-percent increase in industrial output. To achieve this massive economic growth, the Soviet Union had to reroute essential resources to meet the needs of heavy industry.
Purpose was to greatly increase industrial production. more machinery, more steel production, new factories ,more oil production and more electrical power plants. You just studied 7 terms!
The aim of Stalin’s five year plans was to create a new kind of society with a strong industrial economy and a strong army. In 1928 Stalin began to implement five year plans. The first five year plan had large economic objectives why industrial output would increase by 250% and Agricultural production by 150%.
Why did Stalin introduce the Five-Year Plans? – Establish his reputation – impress foreign countries with the success of Russian communism. – improving industry- improve standards of living, thus making Communism more popular. NEP was abandoned was launched.
The NEP was successful in boosting economic growth and food production. By 1926 production had returned to pre-1914 levels and grain production doubled between 1921 and 1926. Factory wages were increased by 150%. The success of the NEP led to the disappearance of peasant rebellions of urban strikes.
Stalin then “Liquidated the Kulaks” or destroying them. Stalin and his men wanted to purge the communist party for those who were not worthy and arrested over 4 million sending them to the gulag were they often died.
Stalin wanted improve things like industry, and farm output. To help make for heavy industry he provided those who did well with bonuses and punished those who didn’t. Even though industry rose, the standard of living wasn’t good. Stalin wanted workers in the city to have food from farmers so he pushed agriculture.
Collectivization. The Soviet Union enforced the collectivization of its agricultural sector between 1928 and 1940 during the ascendancy of Joseph Stalin. It began during and was part of the first Five-Year Plan. The policy aimed to consolidate individual landholdings and labor into collective farms.
Communist schools benefited the state and the communist parties because the schools educated future workers in order to build a modern industrial state. In addition, the schools taught communist values so they were grooming the next generation of communists.
Founded the Communist Party in Russia and set up the world’s first Communist Party dictatorship. He led the October Revolution of 1917, in which the Communists seized power in Russia. He then ruled the country until his death in 1924.
Why was Stalin viewed as a cruel tyrant? – He murdered an untold number of people. – He increased Russian’s military power. – The Nazi Party was incredibly efficient in construction projects as it relied on slave labor rather than wageworkers as France and Russia did.
Joseph Stalin 1878-1953 was the dictator of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics USSR from 1929 to 1953. Under Stalin, the Soviet Union was transformed from a peasant society into an industrial and military superpower. However, he ruled by terror, and millions of his own citizens died during his brutal reign.
Joseph Stalin (1878-1953) was the dictator of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) from 1929 to 1953.
After Lenin’s death Stalin took it upon himself to stage-manage his funeral to make it appear as if he and Lenin were good friends. He spoke at Lenin’s funeral as if they were great friends and he encouraged the Russian people to turn Lenin into a cult.
He cut off his relationship with god. He became an atheist.
Stalin’s war against illiteracy: The Sixteenth Party Congress of 1930 adopted new targets to eliminate illiteracy and ensure that primary school was compulsory during the Five Year Plans. Government recruited 3 million volunteers from the Komsomol to educate the workers and peasants.