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The colony of Georgia had been an issue of contention between Britain and Spain since its foundation in 1733. Spain claimed the territory for its own colony of Florida and disputed what was regarded as an illegal occupation by the British settlers.
As visionary, social reformer, and military leader, James Oglethorpe conceived of and implemented his plan to establish the colony of Georgia. It was through his initiatives in England in 1732 that the British government authorized the establishment of its first new colony in North America in more than five decades.
The Charter of 1732 was very important in Georgia’s history. It was the charter that granted James Oglethorpe (click on the link below to find out more about him) the right to colonize Georgia. There was also restrictions on this document. One restriction was that they (the settlers) couldn’t own large amounts of land.
Led by Don Manuel de Montiano, governor of St. Augustine, the Spanish organized an invasion of Georgia in mid-June 1742 with approximately 4,500 to 5,000 soldiers. Weather hampered their progress by sea, and Oglethorpe learned of their impending arrival; he prepared the defenses of St. Simons Island accordingly.
Battle of Bloody Marsh
|Date||7 July 1742 (new style)|
|Location||St. Simons Island, Georgia 31°9′24″N 81°22′47″WCoordinates: 31°9′24″N 81°22′47″W|
The Highland Scots came to Georgia because they were really hard-working soldiers. They were brought to Georgia by James Oglethorpe. This group fought in the Battle of Bloody Marsh as well as two other wars in attempt to capture St.
The Salzburger Emigrants were a group of German-speaking Protestant refugees from the Catholic Archbishopric of Salzburg (now in present-day Austria) that immigrated to the Georgia Colony in 1734 to escape religious persecution.
Fort Frederica National Monument
In 1753, Georgia became a royal colony, setting up an effective government.
Trustee Georgia is the name of the period covering the first twenty years of Georgia history, from 1732–1752, because during that time the English Province of Georgia was governed by a board of trustees.
The Georgia Trustees prohibited slavery because it conflicted with their vision of small landowners prospering from their own labor. They also wanted Georgia to serve as a military buffer between the English colonies and Spanish Florida.
The change to a royal colony had a dramatic effect on Georgia’s agricultural output and economy. All of these changes helped the population of Georgia to grow and the economy to prosper in a way that was not possible during the period of trustees.